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Detail of Robert E. Lee Statue
Welcome to Monument Avenue in Richmond, Virginia...

the first street in the United States to become a National Historic Landmark. This grand American avenue is a mixture of houses, stately apartments, commerical establishments and churches. Most of the approximately 250 structures were built between 1895 and 1925 during our country's City Beautiful movement. During this time of relative prosperity, buildings were being designed in many architectural styles including Colonial Revival, Richardsonian FreeStyle, Arts and Crafts, Mediterranean and Gothic Revival. As one can see looking at the westward progression of the avenue, architects out-designed their collegues and and wealthy owners out-built their neighbors. The styles and sizes differ widely, but they harmoniously blend into a grand American avenue. Monument Avenue is a showcase for fine design and craftsmanship, but the grandness of its whole is due to city planning efforts of the era. Monument Avenue was named for the monumental statue of Robert E. Lee erected in 1890 and is now the site of six important public sculptures erected between 1890 and 1995. The strategic placement of the statues on a central axis, the directing of the city's growth by planners and landowners, and the buildings built by prosperous citizens and talented architects created this fine example of the grand avenue. Monument Avenue was placed on the National Registry of Historic Places in 1969 after the creation of the National Historic Preservation Act of 1966. In 1997 Monument Avenue was named a National Historic Landmark. (1) These acts set the stage for the preservation of the wonderful neighborhood we can still enjoy today. Visit the website of the Monument Avenue Preservation Society at monumentavenue.org to learn about on-going efforts to preserve the architectural integrity and beauty of Monument Avenue.

(1) Virginia Department of Historic Resources, File # 127-0174, Dec. 2, 1969 and Dec. 3, 1997
National Registry and Historic Landmark Nominations


This wiki showcases the houses and buildings on the portion of the avenue within the national historic designation. This historic area begins at Birch Street in themonument_avenue_aerial.jpg east and continues west along Monument Avenue to Roseneath Avenue. Additionally, it includes the blocks of Allen and Davis Avenues immediately to the north and south of Monument where they intersect it. The objective of this wiki is to gather baseline data on each contributing structure and to gather facts and lore of the history from the people who have lived here or who have known these buildings. Baseline data includes address, architect or builder, date built, first owner, references for the baseline data, and a photograph. History and lore can be anything, really, concerning the past of the buildings! Keep it clean and honest. Our goal is to share this unique neighborhood with each other and the larger world interested in preserving historic places in the United States, and to capture history that slips through our fingers with each passing generation. We hope you will join us.

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Authenticated contributors are invited to contribute information on the construction, renovation, and history of events in and inhabitants of these houses, businesses and places of worship. Each building has its own page where photographs and files can be uploaded easily and written contributions can be made. We hope you will join the effort to present and preserve the recorded, and yet to be recorded history of Monument Avenue!

To be approved to be a contributor to Monument Avenue Wiki:

Please click the "Join This Wiki" option on the top left of this page and follow the instructions.

Here you can let us know your relationship to a building on Monument Avenue and request membership to this Wiki so you can add content.

We are excited to share the history of our Monument Avenue buildings. Thank you!




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The Branch House

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Original Elevation 2015 Monument

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Monument Ave. 10K


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House Ca. 1910

This wiki was created as a project by Coleen Butler Rodriguez for the Virginia Commonwealth University Art History 502 Class on Architectural History and Historic Preservation in September 2010 and given to The Monument Avenue Preservation Society.